Below you will find details relating to word limits and formatting guidelines for your submission, please read and follow carefully, submissions will be returned if guidelines have not been followed.

  • Please send your submission in Microsoft Word format
  • Each submission should include one Word document which includes:
  1. Your submission (including reference list/bibliography)
  2. Your abstract
  3. Your biography


Research articles: up to 8000

Word limits include references, bibliography, and footnotes, plus 500 words for each figure/table (see below for guidance on figures and tables).


Please use 1.5 spacing; Arial font and size 12 font size.


Please note that figures included in your submission will be considered equivalent to 500 words per figure/table. We politely request that figures, tables, and footnotes are kept to a minimum where necessary. If you do include figures/tables please ensure that they use single spacing and font size 10.


Article title: Capitalise; bold; centre. For example:


First layer subheadings: Capitalise and preceded by roman I, II etc. if required. For example:


Second layer subheadings: Initial capitals for main words and proper names only; italicise; centre and preceded by A, B, etc. if required. For example:

A. Second Level Subheading

Third layer subheadings: Initial capitals for the first word and proper names only; flush left; italicise and preceded by 1, 2, etc. if required. For example:

1. Third layer subheadings


Harvard (in text) 

Please see the following guidelines if necessary

For reference lists/bibliographies use single spacing and size 10 font.


Please do not submit any appendices with your work. If appendices are absolutely necessary to your submission then please contact us at 


Maximum word limit is 200 words. Please use single spacing; Arial font and size 10 font.


Your biography is a small piece about you, for example where you are studying, what your project is about, what your research interests are etc. The biography is a good opportunity to tell people about yourself, your research interests and to increase your network. If you would rather not include a biography then do let us know when submitting your work to us.

Maximum word limit is 100 words. Please use single spacing; Arial font & size 10 font.


Studies must document that approval was received from the appropriate institutional review board. The process for obtaining informed consent should be briefly stated in the Methods section and it must be clearly stated that the Institution’s Committee has approved the protocol. Where information is unclear, the Editor may require additional information to clarify the procedures used to obtain informed consent. 

In submitting a manuscript for publication in The Open Review, the author confirms that the work has not been published elsewhere or is under consideration for publication elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of an academic thesis or an electronic preprint). The editors recognise that large datasets often result in multiple publications both on the same and different topics. It is therefore the authors’ responsibility to notify the editors of multiple manuscripts arising from the same study.  

Conflicts of interest 

Authors are required to disclose any potential or real conflicts of interest. A conflict of interest is defined as a set of conditions in which professional judgment may be influenced by an external interest, such as financial gain. By confirming no conflicts of interest, the author also confirms that the manuscript has been approved by all named authors and that there are no other persons who met the criteria for authorship but are not listed.

Authors are responsible for securing permission to reproduce quotations from works in copyright, and illustrations such as photographs, drawings, maps, tables, graphs, etc.


All manuscripts must be submitted via email to