Cover Page Requirements

This should include:  


• Article title 
• Key words (5 maximum)
• Abstract
• Full names, academic degrees, and affiliations of all authors 
• Biography (100 words maximum)
• Name and e-mail address of the corresponding author 
• Sources of funding and acknowledgements of support and assistance
• Ethics approval reference (if required)  
• Disclosure of potential conflicts for all named authors
• Type of article submission (e.g. research paper, op-ed, fieldwork notes)
• To confirm that it is not under review anywhere else


• Recommendation of peer reviewer
• Headshot photograph
• Social media handles

Submission Information


The first page should clearly state the title. This should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations where possible. 


The Open Review accepts submissions from single or multiple authors. Author names and affiliations should be clearly indicated, with each author’s full name, highest academic degree, and the departmental and institutional affiliation of each also provided. Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors provided in the article and it must be clear which author will handle correspondence.  


This should include sources of support such as grants, equipment, or drugs; and acknowledgments of persons who have made a substantive contribution. Written permission from anyone that is listed in the Acknowledgments section must be obtained by the Author.  

Conflicts of interest 

Authors are required to disclose any potential or real conflicts of interest. A conflict of interest is defined as a set of conditions in which professional judgment may be influenced by an external interest, such as financial gain. By confirming no conflicts of interest, the author also confirms that the manuscript has been approved by all named authors and that there are no other persons who met the criteria for authorship but are not listed. 

An abstract should be provided on the first page. This should not exceed 250 words and should briefly state the purpose of the research, the key findings and major conclusions. The abstract must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then author(s) and year(s) must be appropriately cited. 

Article Structure

There is no set structure required for submissions, however articles should be clear, concise and well-structured. Articles may choose to follow the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Each section should be given a brief heading and appear on its own separate line. The author may use text, table(s), and illustration(s) to support their work. Only critical data from the table(s) and/or illustration(s) should be repeated in the text. Abbreviations in the text should be expanded at first mention, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses.  


Tables should be numbered in accordance with their appearance in the text. Each table should be given a brief title and any explanations should be included in a table footnote.  


Grammar, punctuation, and scientific writing style should follow one of the following referencing styles: APA, Harvard or Chicago. Authors must adhere to just one of these referencing styles. Authors should ensure that every reference cited in the text is present in the reference list (and vice versa).  


Supplementary material should be inserted into the appendices. If more than one appendix is required, these should be identified as Appendix A, Appendix B, etc. Tables and figures in the appendices should be given separate numbering: Table A1, Fig. A1, etc. 

Ethical Guidelines   

Studies must document that approval was received from the appropriate institutional review board. The process for obtaining informed consent should be briefly stated in the Methods section and it must be clearly stated that the Institution’s Committee has approved the protocol. Where information is unclear, the Editor may require additional information to clarify the procedures used to obtain informed consent. 

Submission Declaration  

In submitting a manuscript for publication in The Open Review, the author confirms that the work has not been published elsewhere or is under consideration for publication elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of an academic thesis or an electronic preprint). The editors recognise that large datasets often result in multiple publications both on the same and different topics. It is therefore the authors’ responsibility to notify the editors of multiple manuscripts arising from the same study.  


All manuscripts must be submitted via email to